Reports on Rule of Law

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During the implementation of its mandate, UNAMA has conducted several assessments and produced reports on existing legal frameworks, legal reforms, combating corruption, and aplication of the laws, among others.  




Language (s)


Annual Report on fighting against corruption in Afghanistan

August 2021

This 5th Annual Report on anti-corruption in Afghanistan, issued by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) covers the period January 2020 to May 2021.



Exe. Summary: Dari, Pashto

PR: English,DariPastho


Annual Report on fighting against corruption in Afghanistan

30 November 2018

Reaffirmed the commitment of the international community to continuing to support the training, equipping, financing and development of the capacity of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces, among others

English, Dari,

Exe. Summary: Dari, Pashto

PR: English, Dari, Pashto


Afghanistan's Fight against Corruption: Groundwork to Peace and Prosperity

20 May 219

While Afghanistan overall improved its ability to investigate, prosecute and adjudicate anti-corruption cases, its law enforcement and justice systems are not yet sufficiently strong to project a deterrent effect.

English, Dari,

Exe. Summary:Pashto

PR: English, Dari, Pashto


Afghanistan's Fight against Corruption: From Strategies to Implementation

14 May 2018

Afghanistan’s multiple donor commitments, while catalysing reforms, occasionally hindered strategic approaches to anti-corruption matters and led to last minute erratic law making

English, Dari,

PR: English, Dari, Pashto

Press Conf. transcript:



Afghanistan's Other Battlefield: The Fight Against Corruption

April 2017

Throughout this report, UNAMA draws on expert literature and best practices to identify approaches to implementation that have worked in other contexts and could be adapted to meet the circumstances confronting Afghanistan.

English, Dari,

Exe. Summary: Pashto

PR: English, Dari, Pashto
Press Conf. transcript: English,

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The Stolen Lands of Afghanistan and its People

The Legal Framework 
Part 1 of 3

August 2014

With a focus on and preference for identifying and safeguarding state land rights, the current land framework fails to sufficiently address and balance private ownership rights with the state’s need to obtain and access land for infrastructure and revenue-producing projects, such as mining.


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The Stolen Lands of Afghanistan and its People
Report on The State Land Distribution System, 
Part 2 of 3

March 2015

This report identifies, assesses, and compares the legal framework and existing land distribution practices, and proposes specific recommendations to address overarching challenges to this system.


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Water Rights: An assessment of Afghanistan’s Legal Framework Governing Water for Agriculture

October 2016

This report summarizes the results of a field study and provides practical recommendations to facilitate the resolution of disputes relating to access to water for agriculture in a timely manner and without escalation to violence.

English, Dari, Pashto

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Assessment of Afghanistan's Juvenile Rehabilitation Centers


November 2016

A United Nations report released December 2016 indicates positive trends in Afghanistan’s juvenile detention and rehabilitation facilities while also outlining a critical need to improve in-detention education and post-rehabilitation care for young Afghans.

EnglishDari, Pashto

Annexes to the report: English, Dari, Pashto

Press release: English

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Assessment of Afghanistan Prison Health Services


April 2016

Report on how the health of the more than 25,000 people currently held in Afghan prisons may deteriorate if their incarceration conditions do not meet minimum standards.

English, Dari,