A general view of the UN Security Council in session on October 2002 as Lakhdar Brahimi, Secretary-General's Special Representative for Afghanistan, tells the Security Council this afternoon that Afghanistan had made a remarkable progress, but needs a continued commitment from its leaders to work together to achieve genuine reconciliation, along with continued and sustained international attention.

UNAMA’s original mandate, laid out in UN Security Council Resolution 1401 (March 2002) was to support the implementation of Bonn Agreement (December 2001). Reviewed annually, this mandate has changed over time to reflect the needs of the country and was extended for another year, on 15 September 2020, by UN Security Council Resolution 2543 (2020).

Unanimously adopting resolution 2543 (2020), the 15-member Council decided to extend the Mission’s mandate until 17 September 2021.  Welcoming the start of intra-Afghan negotiations in Doha on 12 September, it strongly encouraged the parties to continue pursuing confidence-building measures — including additional reductions in violence — and encouraged them to engage in good faith.

The UN Security Council decided that UNAMA and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Afghanistan, within their mandate and in a manner consistent with Afghan sovereignty, leadership and ownership, to continue to lead and coordinate international civilian efforts in full cooperation with the Government of Afghanistan.

UNAMA’s current mandate comprises the following priorities:  the provision of good offices; support for the organization of future elections; strengthening capacity in the protection and promotion of human rights including the protection of children affected by armed conflict and prevention of child recruitment; support for gender equality and women’s and girls’ empowerment; the coordination and facilitation of humanitarian assistance; and support for Afghanistan’s development and governance priorities, including the rule of law, transitional justice as an essential component of the ongoing peace process, budget execution and the fight against corruption throughout the country;

The Security Council also recognized that the renewed mandate of UNAMA is in support of Afghanistan’s full assumption of leadership and ownership in the security, governance and development areas, consistent with the Transformation Decade (2015–2024) and with the understandings reached between Afghanistan and the international community in the international conferences in Kabul (2010), London (2010 and 2014), Bonn (2011), Tokyo (2012), and Brussels (2016), and the NATO Summits held in Lisbon (2010), Chicago (2012), Wales (2014), Warsaw (2016) and Brussels (2017), Kabul (2018) and Geneva (2018 & 2020).
The United Nations has been involved in the region since 1946 when Afghanistan joined the United Nations as a member state of the Organization.

Previous UN Security resolutions defining UNAMA’s mandate are: 1662 (2006), 1746 (2007), 1806 (2008), 1868 (2009), 1917 (2010), 1974 (2011), 2041 (2012), 2096 (2013), 2145 (2014), 2210 (2015), 2274 (2016), 2344 (2017), 2405 (2018), 2460 (2019), 2489 (2019);