UNAMA is responsible for the direction and oversight of all UN relief, recovery and reconstruction activities in Afghanistan. One of the main functions of UNAMA’s Aid Coherence Unit is to coordinate the humanitarian development activities of UN agencies and to promote aid effectiveness and good development practice.
Secretary-General's latest report
The UN Secretary-General's report to the Security Council released on 18 June 2014 provides an update on the implementation of the Kabul Process and aid coherence, and humanitarian assistance, since 7 March 2014, listed below. For a full copy of the latest report, click here.
IV. Implementation of the Kabul process and coordination ofdevelopment assistance
1. In ensuring continued progress against the benchmarks established in the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework in a period dominated by electoral competition and awaiting political transition, the Government and international donors focused on technical deliverables. On 10 May, the Minister of Finance hosted a gathering of members of parliament and representatives of the international community, relevant ministries, civil society and the private sector to highlight progress made by the Government on its Framework commitments. Achievements set forth by the Minister included: promoting implementation of the law on the elimination of violence against women with the release by the Ministry of Women’s Affairs of its baseline report on 8 March; the Wolesi Jirga’s endorsement of the laws on minerals and value-added tax on 3 May; and the introduction to the National Assembly of the laws relating to anti-money-laundering and combating the financing of terrorism on 24 May and the law on tax administration on 29 May. The law on value-added tax was later passed by the upper house (Meshrano Jirga) on 3 June. Discussion on the laws on minerals and money-laundering is expected to continue, however, with a number of concerns still to be addressed in ensuring compliance by Afghanistan with international obligations.
2. The economic situation of Afghanistan remains of concern. Economic outlooks released in April by both the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank indicated declining growth, largely because of consumer and investor uncertainty, which is due to the political and security transitions and is further compounded by rising security expenditure and declining revenue. The World Bank projected that the economy would grow by 3.2 per cent in 2014, against an estimated growth of 3.6 per cent in 2013 and of 14.4 per cent in 2012. Lower-than-expected government revenue collection is seen to be the result of weak enforcement by tax and customs administrations. A report by the International Monetary Fund released on 16 May reached the same conclusions and highlighted the Treasury’s tight cash situation. The need for the Government to reduce expenditure, increase revenue collection, strengthen tax and customs enforcement and enact a sound financial regulatory framework was emphasized. The impact of such reduced economic activity and revenue has meant that government commitments to development activities at a provincial level are currently suspended.
3. On 6 May, the Government endorsed in principle the United Nations Development Assistance Framework for 2015-2019, which, it recognized, was aligned with government programmes and development plans. A stronger focus on infrastructure and job creation was requested, and it is understood that the incoming administration may revisit the document. The Framework supports key areas of the Afghan development agenda focused on the licit economy, basic services, social equity, the rule of law and governance.