UNAMA is responsible for the direction and oversight of all UN relief, recovery and reconstruction activities in Afghanistan. One of the main functions of UNAMA’s Aid Coherence Unit is to coordinate the humanitarian development activities of UN agencies and to promote aid effectiveness and good development practice.
Secretary-General's latest report
The UN Secretary-General's report to the Security Council released on 9 September 2014 provides an update on the implementation of the Kabul Process and aid coherence, and humanitarian assistance, since 18 June 2014, listed below. For a full copy of the latest report, click here.
IV. Implementation of the Kabul Process and coordination of development assistance
40. Preparations for the ministerial development conference on Afghanistan to be held in London on 25 November provided the focus for substantive dialogue between the Government and the international community during the reporting period. On 23 June, the Ministry of Finance and the international community agreed at a meeting that the goal of the conference would be a renewal of existing Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework commitments. The Ministry and the representatives of the international community underscored the importance of the conference and emphasized private sector-led growth to foster economic development and international investment to help reduce the aid dependency of Afghanistan. The conference will also highlight the role of an empowered civil society and private sector as well as regional government engagement to achieve the Framework goals. Donors have started consultation and consensus-building among international community stakeholders on a “refreshed” Framework through several area-specific working groups. Those inputs will guide their engagement with the next administration in preparation for the London Conference on Afghanistan. The Civil Society Joint Working Group, a network of nearly 1,000 civil society organizations, started preparations for both the main conference and the planned civil society side event.
41. The economic situation remains challenging. On 22 July, the Ministry of Finance reported that for the period from 1 January to 30 June non-customs revenue collection stood at 20 per cent below target and 2 per cent below the revenue collected for the corresponding period in 2013. The Government attributed the poor revenue performance to the holding back of tax by business establishments, including some large international companies, and the continued decline in investments. In addition, the collection of customs dues fell below target by 23 per cent, and 8 per cent below tax collected for the corresponding period in 2013. Tax revenue collection was affected largely by a reduction of 22 per cent in imports of high-value items. The Minister of Finance, Omar Zakhilwal, estimated a financing gap of $537 million as a result of the political uncertainty and a slower growth rate than anticipated. The Ministry of Finance indicated that the situation was unlikely to improve before the new Government came into office. Control measures already taken included lowering discretionary development spending, reducing operations and maintenance expenses and further improving revenue collection (including customs). Some improvement in revenue collection was recorded in July, in contrast with performance over the first six months of 2014.
Donors continue to engage with the Ministry of Finance on the extent and causes of the funding gap and among themselves on possible responses.
42. Government efforts to promote licit economic growth and anti-corruption measures progressed during the reporting period. Following President Karzai’s enactment on 26 June of the laws on combating the financing of terrorism and on combating money laundering, the Financial Action Task Force, the intergovernmental body that sets guidelines for the prevention of international money-laundering and terrorist financing, announced on 27 June the suspension of its decision to downgrade the country’s anti-corruption status. However, the Task Force indicated that if the law was not implemented by October 2014, it would again consider a downgrading. Such a decision would restrict the engagement of financial institutions in Afghanistan with international correspondent banks, limit financial flows in and out of the country and make financing international trade difficult.